Data Definitions

For general information about indicators and measures used in Missouri KIDS COUNT, please refer to the FAQ page.

Outcome Measures

Economic well-being

Children in poverty
Number of related children under age 18 in families with incomes below the U.S. poverty threshold, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. The federal poverty threshold depends on the number of adults and children in a family. Numbers are based on Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates (SAIPE); note that this is a change from our previous ACS-based estimates for this measure.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2000-2017

Percent children in poverty
Percent of related children in families with incomes below the U.S. poverty threshold, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. The federal poverty threshold depends on the number of adults and children in a family. Numbers are based on Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates (SAIPE); note that this is a change from our previous ACS-based estimates for this measure.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2000-2018

Food insecurity for children
Number of children estimated to be food insecure. A child under 18 years old is defined as being food insecure if he or she lives in a household having problems meeting basic food needs, as measured by the Core Food Security Module of the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey.

Source(s): Feeding America, Map the Meal Gap

Available for years: 2010-2017

Food insecurity for children, rate
Percentage of children estimated to be food insecure. A child under 18 years old is defined as being food insecure if he or she lives in a household having problems meeting basic food needs, as measured by the Core Food Security Module of the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey.

Source(s): Feeding America, Map the Meal Gap

Available for years: 2010-2017

Births to mothers without high school diploma
Number of live births that occur to women who have less than 12 years of education as indicated on a child's birth certificate.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Available for years: 1990-2014

Percent births to mothers without high school diploma
Percent of live births that occur to women who have less than 12 years of education as indicated on a child's birth certificate.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Available for years: 1990-2014

Health

Low birthweight infants
Number of live infants recorded as having a birth weight under 2,500 grams (five pounds, eight ounces). Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Available for years: 1988-2018 (5-year moving averages)

Note: Outcome not included in County Composite Rank.

Percent low birthweight infants
Percent of live infants recorded as having a birth weight under 2,500 grams (five pounds, eight ounces). Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Available for years: 1988-2018 (5-year moving averages)

Preventable hospitalizations for children, per 1,000
Rate of hospitalizations of children under 18 for conditions that are typically dealt with successfully through prevention measures offered within primary care (such as asthma, dental problems). Rate is expressed per 1,000 children under 18.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 2010-2017

Child asthma ER visits, per 1,000
Rate of emergency room/department visits for asthma-related conditions for children under 18. Rate is expressed per 1,000 children under 18.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 2010-2017

Family & community

Births to teens, ages 15-19
Number of live births that occur to girls ages 15 to 19.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1990-2018

Births to teens, ages 15-19, per 1,000
Number of live births that occur to girls ages 15 to 19, per 1,000 girls of that age group.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1990-2018

Substantiated child abuse/neglect
Number of substantiated child abuse/neglect investigations for children under 18. This indicator represents the number of substantiated cases, not an unduplicated count of children who experienced child abuse/neglect.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Available for years: 1995-2018

Note: Outcome not included in County Composite Rank.

Substantiated child abuse/neglect, per 1,000
Rate of substantiated child abuse/neglect investigations for children under 18. Rate is expressed per 1,000 children. This indicator represents the rate of substantiated cases, not the rate of children who experienced child abuse/neglect.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1995-2018

Note: Outcome not included in County Composite Rank.

Education

High-school graduations
Number of students grades 9 through 12 enrolled in public schools that graduated within four years. The formula used to calculate the rate accounts for transfers in and out of a district (adjusted 4-year cohort graduation rate). Years indicated are school years; for example, 2015 indicates the 2014-2015 school year.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 2011-2018

High-school graduation rate
Percentage of students grades 9 through 12 enrolled in public schools that graduated within four years. The formula used to calculate the rate accounts for transfers in and out of a district (adjusted 4-year cohort graduation rate). Years indicated are school years; for example, 2015 indicates the 2014-2015 school year.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 2011-2018

3rd-grade English/language arts (MAP) proficiency
Number of students in top two levels in 3rd-grade English/language arts (MAP) proficiency.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 2011, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018

Note: Outcome not included in County Composite Rank. Achievement proficiency measures those that scored proficient or above on the MAP tests.

Percent children with 3rd-grade English/language arts (MAP) proficiency
Percent of third grade students who scored proficient or above on the Missouri Assessment Program (MAP) English/Language Arts test. Years indicated are school years; for example, 2015 indicates the 2014-2015 school year. Because standards and assessment measures have not remained consistent, we do not recommend cross-year comparisons at this time.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 2011, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018

Note: Outcome not included in County Composite Rank. Achievement proficiency measures those that scored proficient or above on the MAP tests.

8th-grade English/language arts (MAP) proficiency
Number of students in top two levels in 8th-grade English/language arts (MAP) proficiency.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 2011, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018

Note: Outcome not included in County Composite Rank. Achievement proficiency measures those that scored proficient or above on the MAP tests.

Percent children with 8th-grade English/language arts (MAP) proficiency
Percent of eighth grade students who scored proficient or above on the Missouri Assessment Program (MAP) English/Language Arts test. Years indicated are school years; for example, 2015 indicates the 2014-2015 school year. Because standards and assessment measures have not remained consistent, we do not recommend cross-year comparisons at this time.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 2011, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018

Note: Outcome not included in County Composite Rank. Achievement proficiency measures those that scored proficient or above on the MAP tests.

4th-grade math (MAP) proficiency
Number of students in top two levels in 4th-grade math (MAP) proficiency.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 2011, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018

Note: Outcome not included in County Composite Rank. Achievement proficiency measures those that scored proficient or above on the MAP tests.

Percent children with 4th-grade math (MAP) proficiency
Percent of fourth grade students who scored proficient or above on the Missouri Assessment Program (MAP) Mathematics test. Years indicated are school years; for example, 2015 indicates the 2014-2015 school year. Because standards and assessment measures have not remained consistent, we do not recommend cross-year comparisons at this time.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 2011, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018

Note: Outcome not included in County Composite Rank. Achievement proficiency measures those that scored proficient or above on the MAP tests.

Algebra I proficiency
Number of students in top two levels in Algebra I end-of-course proficiency.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 2011, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2018

Note: Outcome not included in County Composite Rank. Achievement proficiency measures those that scored proficient or above on the MAP tests.

Percent children with Algebra I proficiency
Percent of students who scored proficient or above on the Algebra I End of Course Exam (EOC). Years indicated are school years; for example, 2015 indicates the 2014-2015 school year.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 2011, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2018

Note: Outcome not included in County Composite Rank. Achievement proficiency measures those that scored proficient or above on the MAP tests.

Contextual Indicators

Economic well-being

Children under 6 in poverty
Number of related children under age six in families with incomes below the U.S. poverty threshold, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. For counties with a population of less than 20,000, an estimate based on county-PUMA ratio is reported.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 1990, 2000, 2007-2018

Percent children under 6 in poverty
Percent of related children under age six in families with incomes below the U.S. poverty threshold, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. For counties with a population of less than 65,000, an estimate based on county-PUMA ratio is reported.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 1990, 2000, 2007-2018

Children in poverty, ages 5-17
Number of related children ages 5-17 in families with incomes below the U.S. poverty threshold, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. The federal poverty threshold depends on the number of adults and children in a family. Numbers are based on Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates (SAIPE); note that this is a change from our previous ACS-based estimates for this measure.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2008-2018

Percent children in poverty, ages 5-17
Percent of related children ages 5-17 in families with incomes below the U.S. poverty threshold, as defined by the Bureau of the Census. The federal poverty threshold depends on the number of adults and children in a family. Numbers are based on Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates (SAIPE); note that this is a change from our previous ACS-based estimates for this measure.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2008-2018

Children in families receiving child care assistance
Number of children participating in one of the following subsidized child care programs: FUTURES, transitional, income maintenance/income eligible, at-risk, and child care and development block grant.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1990, 1992, 1994-2015

Percent of cost-burdened households
Percent of households with householder aged 15-64 where more than 30 percent of the monthly income was spent on rent, mortgage payments, taxes, insurance, and/or related expenses. Based on ACS 5-year estimates.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2007-2011, 2008-2012, 2009-2013, 2011-2015, 2012-2016, 2013-2017, 2014-2018 (5-year sets)

Family households with children at 185% of poverty level
Estimated percent of family households that have children under 18 and who are at or below 185% of the federal poverty level. Based on ACS 5-year estimates.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2007-2011, 2008-2012, 2009-20132011-2015, 2012-2016, 2013-2017, 2014-2018 (5-year sets)

Children in families receiving SNAP (food stamps)
Number of children in households receiving benefits under the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as food stamps.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1990, 1992-2018

Percent children in families receiving SNAP (food stamps)
Percent of children in households receiving benefits under the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), formerly known as food stamps.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1990, 1992-2018

Median income of family households with children under 18
Median income of family households with children under 18. Based on ACS 5-year estimates.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2007-2011, 2008-2012, 2009-2013, 2011-2015, 2012-2016, 2013-2017, 2014-2018 (5-year sets)

Adult unemployment
Percent of civilian labor force that is unemployed and actively looking for work.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Economic Development, Division of Employment Security

Available for years: 1990-2018

Child homelessness
Number of children counted as homeless by school districts, based on the McKinney-Vento Act.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 2010-2018

Child homelessness, percent
Percent of children counted as homeless by school districts, based on the McKinney-Vento Act.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 2010-2018

Students enrolled in free/reduced lunch
Number of students who are enrolled in the free or reduced-price National School Lunch Program. Children from households with incomes less than 130% of poverty are eligible for free lunches; those from households below 185% of poverty are eligible for reduced price lunches.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 1996-2014

Percent students enrolled in free/reduced lunch
Percent of students who are enrolled in the free or reduced-price National School Lunch Program. Children from households with incomes less than 130% of poverty are eligible for free lunches; those from households below 185% of poverty are eligible for reduced price lunches.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Available for years: 1996-2014

Children in families receiving cash assistance
Number of children in households receiving public assistance under Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF).

Source(s): MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1997-2014

Percent children in families receiving cash assistance
Average monthly percentage of children in households receiving public assistance under Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF).

Source(s): MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1997-2014

Average annual wage & salary
Average annual wage/salary per job. County data indicate annual wage/salary for all jobs located in that county. An employee may live in a different county from where they work.

Source(s): US Bureau of Economic Analysis

Available for years: 1990-2011, 2013-2014

Health

Infant mortality
Number of deaths to infants under one year of age. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Available for years: 1988-2018 (5-year moving averages)

Infant mortality rate
Number of deaths to infants under one year of age, per 1,000 live births. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Available for years: 1988-2018 (5-year moving averages)

Child deaths, ages 1-17
Number of deaths from all causes of children ages 1 to 17. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2007-2011, 2008-2012, 2009-2013, 2011-2015, 2012-2016, 2013-2017, 2014-2018 (5-year moving averages)

Child deaths, ages 1-17, per 100,000
Number of deaths from all causes of children ages 1 to 17, per 100,000 children of that age group. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2007-2011, 2008-2012, 2009-2013, 2011-2015, 2012-2016, 2013-2017, 2014-2018 (5-year moving averages)

Child deaths, ages 1-14
Number of deaths from all causes of children ages 1 to 14. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Available for years: 1988-2018 (5-year moving averages)

Child deaths, ages 1-14, per 100,000
Number of deaths from all causes of children ages 1 to 14, per 100,000 children of that age group. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1988-2018 (5-year moving averages)

Child deaths, ages 15-17
Number of deaths from all causes of children ages 15 to 17. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2007-2011, 2008-2012, 2009-2013, 2011-2015, 2012-2016, 2013-2017, 2014-2018 (5-year moving averages)

Child deaths, ages 15-17, per 100,000
Number of deaths from all causes of children ages 15 to 17, per 100,000 children of that age group. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2007-2011, 2008-2012, 2009-2013, 2011-2015, 2012-2016, 2013-2017, 2014-2018 (5-year moving averages)

Unrestrained automobile fatalities for children under 18
Percent of automobile fatalities of children under 18 in which the person was unrestrained (not wearing a seatbelt or not in a car seat). Counties that had no automobile deaths in a particular time period will not have a percentage listed.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Transportation

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2007-2011, 2008-2012, 2009-2013, 2011-2015, 2012-2016, 2013-2017, 2014-2018 (5-year sets)

Note: If no % listed, no vehicle fatalities happened in the county during that period.

Substance abuse hospitalizations, ages 1-19, per 100,000
Number of outpatient hospitalizations for substance abuse-related conditions for children and youth ages 1-19, per 100,000 of that age group.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 2005-2009, 2006-2010, 2007-2011, 2008-2012, 2010-2014, 2011-2015, 2012-2016, 2013-2017 (5-year moving averages)

Mental/behavioral hospitalizations (not substance abuse), ages 1-19, per 10,000
Number of outpatient hospitalizations for mental/behavioral conditions (that are not substance abuse-related conditions) for children and youth ages 1-19, per 100,000 of that age group. Conditions include affective disorders, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, schizophrenia and related conditions, autism spectrum disorders, and adjustment-related disorders.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 2005-2009, 2006-2010, 2007-2011, 2008-2012, 2010-2014, 2011-2015, 2012-2016, 2013-2017 (5-year moving averages)

Percent uninsured children
Estimated percent of children who are not covered by health insurance. Figures are from the Census Bureau's Small Area Health (SAHIE) program. SAIHE estimates are based on statistical models that include data from the American Community Survey (ACS) as well as summary data from SNAP participation, Medicaid, federal income tax returns, and Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) participation records.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2010-2018

School attendance rate, grades 9-12
The percentage of hours attended by public school students grades 9 through 12. Numerator is number of hours attended; denominator is number of hours attended plus number of hours absent.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 2011-2018

Children eligible for MO HealthNet for Kids
Number of children who are eligible for participation in MO HealthNet for Kids, Missouri's health insurance program for children in low-income families, either through managed care or traditional fee-for-service providers.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1992, 1994-2014

Percent children eligible for MO HealthNet for Kids
Average monthly percentage of children who are eligible for participation in MO HealthNet for Kids, Missouri's health insurance program for children in low-income families, either through managed care or traditional fee-for-service providers.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1992, 1994-2014

Children receiving public mental health services
Number of children receiving treatment through the Missouri Department of Mental Health for serious emotional disorders (SED) as of January 1st of the year reported for whom DMH provided a service in that calendar year.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Mental Health

Available for years: 1994, 1997-2005, 2007-2014

Education

Licensed child care capacity
Number of spaces in licensed family child care homes, group child care homes, and child care centers.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau

Available for years: 1990, 1993, 1995, 1997-2019

Licensed child care capacity, per 1,000
Number of spaces in licensed family child care homes, group child care homes, and child care centers, per 1,000 children under 18.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1990, 1993, 1995, 1997-2019

Accredited child care capacity as percentage of licensed capacity
For a given county, the capacity of accredited child care programs divided by the total capacity for all licensed child care programs.

Source(s): Child Care Aware of Missouri

Available for years: 2016-2018

School attendance rate, K-12
The percentage of hours attended by public school students grades kindertarten through 12. Numerator is number of hours attended; denominator is number of hours attended plus number of hours absent.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 2011-2018

English language learners
Number of children reported by school districts as having limited English language skills.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 1999-2002, 2004-2014

Accredited child care facilities
Number of child care centers accredited by National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC), Missouri Accreditation (MO-A), National Association for Family Child Care (NAFCC), National Afterschool Association (NAA), National Early Childhood Program Accreditation (NECPA), Council on Accreditation (COA), or the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF).

Source(s): Child Care Aware of Missouri

Available for years: 1999-2014, 2018, 2019

Demographic

Total population
Total resident state population.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2001-2018

Child population
Total resident population under age 18, including dependents of the Armed Forces personnel stationed in the area.

Source(s): US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1990-2018

Children as percent of total population
Percent of total population that is under age 18.

Source(s): US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1990-2018

Child population under 6
Total resident population under age 6.

Source(s): US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 2001-2018

Children under 6 as percent of total population
Percent of total population that is under age 6.

Source(s): US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 2001-2018

Minority child population under 18
Number of nonwhite children under age 18.

Source(s): US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Available for years: 1990-2018

Percent minority children under 18
Percent of nonwhite children under age 18.

Source(s): US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1990-2018

Minority child population under 6
Number of nonwhite children under age 6.

Source(s): US Census Bureau; MO Office of Administration, Division of Budget and Planning

Available for years: 2001-2018

Percent minority children under 6
Percent of nonwhite children under age 6.

Source(s): US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 2001-2018

Children in single-parent families
Number of related children under age 18 in families headed by a person without a spouse present in the home.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2005-2018 (5-year sets)

Percent children in single-parent families
Percent of related children under age 18 in families headed by a person without a spouse present in the home.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2005-2018 (5-year sets)

Children in married-parent families
Number of related children under age 18 in families headed by a married couple.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2007-2011, 2008-2012, 2009-2013, 2011-2015, 2012-2016, 2013-2017, 2014-2018 (5-year sets)

Percent children in married-parent families
Percent of related children under age 18 in families headed by a married couple.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2007-2011, 2008-2012, 2009-2013, 2011-2015, 2012-2016, 2013-2017, 2014-2018 (5-year sets)

Family & community

Teen unintentional deaths/homicides/suicides, ages 15-19
Number of deaths from homicides, suicides, motor vehicle crashes, and other accidents to teens ages 15 to 19. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services

Available for years: 1988-2018 (5-year moving averages)

Teen unintentional deaths/homicides/suicides, ages 15-19, per 100,000
Number of deaths from homicides, suicides, motor vehicle crashes, and other accidents to teens ages 15 to 19, per 100,000 teens of that age group. Data were aggregated over five-year periods in order to provide more stable rates.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Health and Senior Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1988-2018 (5-year moving averages)

Single parent head-of-household with children under 18
Number of families headed by a person without a spouse present in the home. Based on ACS 5-year estimates.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2006-2018 (5-year sets)

Juvenile law violation referrals, ages 10-17
Number of referrals to juvenile courts in Missouri for acts that would be violations of the Missouri Criminal Code if committed by an adult. The count represents separately disposed court referrals, not individual youth.

Source(s): Office of State Courts Administrator

Available for years: 1990-2018

Juvenile law violation referrals, ages 10-17, per 1,000
Rate of referrals, per 1,000 youths ages 10-17, to juvenile courts in Missouri for acts that would be violations of the Missouri Criminal Code if committed by an adult. The count represents separately disposed court referrals, not individual youth.

Source(s): Office of State Courts Administrator; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1990-2018

Annual high school dropouts
Number of students (grades 9 through 12) enrolled in public schools that left school during the school year without graduating.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 1991-2018

Annual high school dropout rate
Percent of students (grades 9 through 12) enrolled in public schools that left school during the school year without graduating.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education

Available for years: 1991-2018

Children entering/reentering state custody
Number of entries or reentries into Division of Family Services alternative care, including foster care, group homes, relative care, and residential settings.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Social Services

Available for years: 1988-2018

Children entering/reentering state custody, per 1,000
Number of entries or reentries, per 1,000 children, into Division of Family Services alternative care, including foster care, group homes, relative care, and residential settings.

Source(s): MO Dept. of Social Services; US Census Bureau; National Center for Health Statistics Bridged-Race Population Estimates

Available for years: 1990-2018

Percent children living in high-poverty areas
Percent of children who live in a census tract in which 30% or more of the children under 18 are at or below 100% of the federal poverty level.

Source(s): US Census Bureau

Available for years: 2006-2010, 2007-2011, 2011-2015, 2012-2016 (5-year sets)